RESULTS OF BYELECTIONS IN THE 1983-87 PARLIAMENT

Explanatory Note: The results given are largely self-explanatory, but two points should be noted. Many of those candidates marked as Independents contested the byelections on a specific policy theme and not as an Independent candidate. Frequently candidates who are to all intents and purposes Independents start a nominal political party of which they are the only candidate. This is noted below the result.

With regard to the swing, this is the conventional (Conservative/Labour) swing counted using votes as a percentage of all votes. A positive swing is to the Conservatives, negative swings are to Labour.

An asterisk indicates a forfeited deposit. Until October 1985, a candidate needed to poll one-eighth (12.5%) of the votes in order to retain his or her deposit. After this date the threshold was decreased to one-twentieth of the vote (5%).










CUMBRIA, PENRITH and the BORDER [321]

(Elevation of Rt. Hon. William Stephen Ian Whitelaw to the Peerage [Viscount Whitelaw] on 11th June 1983)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1983
(28/7)
68,32955.7
D.J. Maclean
M.A. Young
A.L. Williams
D.E. Sutch
E.W. Morgan
Miss H.M. Anscomb
J. Connell
P.R. Smith
C
L
Lab
MRLP
Ind
Ind
Ind Soc
Ind
17,530
16,978
2,834
412
150
72
69
35
552


*
*
*
*
*
*
46.0
44.6
7.4
1.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
1.4
-12.8
+16.7
-5.8
Swing -3.49: C hold

Note:-
1983
(28/7):
A petition was lodged relating to this election by Morgan but was dismissed. He alleged that Viscount Whitelaw, the previous member, interfered in the election contravening the provisions outlawing intimidation in a Parliamentary election. The Court assigned costs against the petitioner.

Morgan described himself as a 'Liberal, Labour, Co-operative' candidate. He lodged an election petition after the election, which was dismissed with costs awarded against him.
Anscomb advocated that freight transport should be by rail instead of roads, because of the improvement in safety for road users that would result.

Connell sought election as a 'Peace' candidate.

Smith was the candidate of the 'New National Party', which he had formed.

CHESTERFIELD [134]

(Resignation of Rt. Hon. Eric Graham Varley on 31st December 1983)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1984
(1/3)
68,94276.9
Rt. Hon. A.N.W. Benn
M.G. Payne
N.H. Bourne
B. Maynard
D.E. Sutch
D.E. Bentley
J.V. Davey
T.A. Layton
Miss H.M. Anscomb
J.J.N. Bardwaj
D. Butler
P. Nicholls-Jones
S.D. Shaw
C.S. Hill
G.R. Piccaro
D.M. Cahill
J. Connell
Lab
L
C
Ind
MRLP
Ind
Ind
Ind EP
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
24,633
18,369
8,028
1,355
178
116
83
46
34
33
24
22
20
17
15
12
7
6,264



*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
46.5
34.7
15.2
2.6
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
11.8
-1.6
+15.1
-17.3
Swing -7.86: Lab hold

Note:-
1984:Bentley sought election as a 'Four-Wheel Drive Hatchback Road Safety' candidate.

Davey opposed increased charges for National Health Service dental work.

Layton was the candidate of the 'Spare the Earth Ecology Party', which he had formed.

Anscomb advocated that freight transport should be by rail instead of roads, because of the improvement in safety for road users that would result.

Bardwaj sought election as a 'Yoga and Meditation' candidate.

Butler owned a furniture shop in Thame, Oxfordshire, and campaigned under the slogan 'A Chesterfield for Chesterfield'.

Nicholls-Jones described himself as an 'Independent (The Welshman)' candidate.

Shaw owned a shop in London selling Elvis Presley goods called 'Elvisly Yours'. He was the candidate of the 'Elvisly Yours Elvis Presley Party', which he had formed.

Hill sought election as a 'Prisoner: I am not a number' candidate. This was a reference to the ITC Television series 'The Prisoner'.

Piccaro was the candidate of the 'Acne Party', which he had formed..

Cahill advocated that 'The Sun' newspaper be reclassified as a comic.

Connell sought election as a 'Peace Candidate'.

STAFFORDSHIRE, STAFFORD [472]

(Death of Rt. Hon. Hugh Charles Patrick Joseph Fraser on 6th March 1984)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1984
(3/5)
70,63565.6
W.N.P. Cash
D.J. Dunn
M.J.D. Poulter
C.D. Teasdale
C
SDP
Lab
Ind
18,713
14,733
12,677
210
3,980



*
40.4
31.8
27.4
0.4
8.6
-10.8
+7.1
+3.7
Swing -7.24: C hold

Note:-
1984:Teasdale described himself as 'Soon to be Unemployed'.

SURREY, SOUTH WEST SURREY [483]

(Death of Rt. Hon. Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden on 10th March 1984)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1984
(3/5)
70,79761.7
Mrs. V.H.B.M. Bottomley
G.D. Scott
Mrs. B.M. Roche
V. Litvin
Miss H.M. Anscomb
P.R. Smith
C
L
Lab
Ind
Ind
Ind
21,545
18,946
2,949
117
82
29
2,599


*
*
*
*
49.3
43.4
6.7
0.3
0.2
0.1
5.9
-10.4
+11.3
-1.4
Swing -4.49: C hold

Note:-
1984:Litvin was the candidate of the 'Pro-Nuclear Holocaust Masturbation Freedom Party', which he had formed.

Anscomb advocated that freight transport should use rail instead of road transport, because of the improvement in road safety that would result. She also opposed the increase in deposits for parliamentary candidates which were being proposed (and came into operation in October 1985).

Smith sought election as a 'Votes for a full Hearing' candidate..

MID GLAMORGAN, CYNON VALLEY [543]

(Death of Ioan Lyonel Evans on 10th February 1984)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1984
(3/5)
50,23765.7
Mrs. A. Clwyd
F.F.E. Aubel
C.F. Jones
J.N. Arbuthnot
Mrs. M. Winter
N.E. Rencontre
P. Nicholls-Jones
Lab
SDP
PC
C
Com
Ind
Ind
19,389
6,554
3,619
2,441
642
215
122
12,835


*
*
*
*
*
58.8
19.9
11.0
7.4
1.9
0.6
0.4
38.9
+2.8
-0.7
+1.7
-6.8
Swing -4.80: Lab hold

Note:-
1984:Rencontre sought election as a 'Womble Independent'.

PORTSMOUTH, SOUTH [221]

(Death of Ralph Bonner Pink on 6th May 1984)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1984
(14/6)
74,97654.5
M.T. Hancock
P.R.J. Rock
Mrs. S.T. Thomas
G.A. Knight
T.A.F. Mitchell
A.J. Evens
T.A. Layton
A.N. Andrews
P.R. Smith
SDP
C
Lab
NF
EP
Ind L
Ind EP
Ind
Ind
15,358
14,017
10,846
226
190
113
50
42
41
1,341



*
*
*
*
*
*
37.6
34.3
26.5
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
3.3
+12.1
-15.7
+4.0
-0.0

-0.8
Swing -9.85: SDP gain from C

Notes:-
1984:Evens advocated a policy of unilateral nuclear disarmament.

Layton sought election as a 'Spare the Earth' candidate.

Andrews advocated an increase in government spending on education.

Smith was the candidate of the 'New National Party', which he had formed.

ENFIELD, ENFIELD SOUTHGATE [30]

(Murder of Sir Anthony George Berry on 12th October 1984)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1984
(13/12)
66,47350.6
M.D.X. Portillo
T.W. Slack
W.F. Hamid
A. Polydorou
J.W. Kershaw
R.E. Shenton
I.I. Burgess
G. Weiss
Miss H.M. Anscomb
C
L
Lab
Ind
Nat Party
Ind
Ind
Rainbow
Ind
16,684
11,973
4,000
687
80
78
50
48
45
4,711


*
*
*
*
*
*
*
49.6
35.6
11.9
2.0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
14.0
-8.5
+12.2
-6.0
Swing -1.27: C hold

Notes:-
1984:Polydorou was opposed to the occupation of the northern part of the island of Cyprus by Turkish forces.

Shenton was the candidate of the 'English National Party', which he had formed.

Burgess was opposed to the restructuring of local government which had abolished the county of Middlesex.

Anscomb opposed the transport of freight by road because of the impact on road safety. She advocated that freight transport should be by rail.

POWYS, BRECON and RADNOR [562]

(Death of Tom Ellis Hooson on 8th May 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1985
(4/7)
48,37179.4
R.A.L. Livsey
F.R. Willey
C.J. Butler
Mrs. J.M. Davies
D.E. Sutch
R.J. Everest
A.C.L. Genillard
L
Lab
C
PC
MRLP
Ind C
Ind
13,753
13,194
10,631
435
202
154
43
559



*
*
*
*
35.8
34.4
27.7
1.1
0.5
0.4
0.1
1.4
+11.4
+9.3
-20.5
-0.6
Swing -14.93: L gain from C

Note:-
1985:Everest described himself as a 'One Nation Conservative'.

Genillard sought election as a 'Free the World from Multiple Sclerosis' candidate.

TYNE BRIDGE [258]

(Death of Harry Lowes Cowans on 3rd October 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1985
(5/12)
61,40038.1
D.G. Clelland
R.F. Kenyon
Mrs. J.A.H. Lait
J. Connell
G. Weiss
P.R. Smith
Lab
SDP
C
Ind Soc
Rainbow
Ind
13,517
6,942
2,588
250
38
32
6,575



*
*
*
57.8
29.7
11.1
1.1
0.2
0.1
28.1
+1.4
+11.4
-14.1
Swing -7.76: Lab hold

Notes:-
1985:Connell sought election as a 'Peace' candidate.

Weiss advocated the abolition of Parliament.

Smith was the candidate of the 'New Nationalist Party', which he had formed.

BELFAST, EAST [636]

(Decision of Peter David Robinson to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
55,25661.7
P.D. Robinson
O.J. Napier
F.J. Cullen
UDUP
APNI
TWP
27,607
5,917
578
21,690


*
81.0
17.3
1.7
63.7
+35.6
-6.7
+0.6
No swing calculation: UDUP hold

BELFAST, NORTH [637]

(Decision of Alfred Cecil Walker to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
59,79150.6
A.C. Walker
P. Maguire
S. Lynch
UU
APNI
TWP
21,649
5,072
3,563
16,577

71.5
16.7
11.8
54.8
+35.3
+7.6
+6.1
No swing calculation: UU hold

BELFAST, SOUTH [638]

(Decision of Rev. William Martin Smyth to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
53,94456.6
Rev. W.M. Smyth
D.S. Cook
G. Carr
UU
APNI
TWP
21,771
7,635
1,109
14,136


*
71.4
25.0
3.6
46.4
+21.4
+1.1
+1.3
No swing calculation: UU hold

EAST ANTRIM [640]

(Decision of John Robert [Roy] Beggs to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
60,78058.9
J.R. Beggs
S. Neeson
UU
APNI
30,386
5,405
24,981

84.9
15.1
69.8
+47.5
No swing calculation: UU hold

EAST LONDONDERRY [641]

(Decision of William Ross to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
70,03847.0
W. Ross
P. Barry
UU
FAIA
30,922
2,001
28,921

93.9
6.1
87.8
+56.0
No swing calculation: UU hold

FERMANAGH and SOUTH TYRONE [642]

(Decision of Kenneth Wiggins Maginnis to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
69,76780.4
K.W. Maginnis
O.G. Carron
J.A. Currie
D.A. Kettyles
UU
SF
SDLP
TWP
27,857
15,278
12,081
864
12,579



*
49.7
27.3
21.5
1.5
22.4
+2.1
-7.6
+5.0
+0.5
No swing calculation: UU hold

LAGAN VALLEY [644]

(Decision of Rt. Hon. James Henry Molyneaux to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
63,24456.7
Rt. Hon. J.H. Molyneaux
J.T. Lowry
UU
TWP
32,514
3,328
29,186

90.7
9.3
81.4
+31.5
+7.3
No swing calculation: UU hold

MID-ULSTER [645]

(Decision of Rev. Robert Thomas William McCrea to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
66,75777.0
Rev. R.T.W. McCrea
D.G. Morrison
A. Colton
T.A. Owens
UDUP
SF
SDLP
TWP
23,695
13,998
13,021
691
9,697



*
46.1
27.2
25.3
1.4
18.9
+2.1
-7.6
+5.0
+0.5
No swing calculation: UDUP hold

NEWRY and ARMAGH [646]

(Decision of James Frederick Nicholson to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
65,14276.6
S.F. Mallon
J.F. Nicholson
J. McAllister
P. McCusker
SDLP
UU
SF
TWP
22,694
20,111
6,609
515
2,583



*
45.5
40.3
13.2
1.0
5.2
+8.7
+0.2
-7.7
-1.2
No swing calculation: SDLP gain from UU

NORTH ANTRIM [647]

(Decision of Rev. Ian Richard Kyle Paisley to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
65,15753.5
Rev. I.R.K. Paisley
P. Barry
UDUP
FAIA
33,937
913
33,024

*
97.4
2.6
94.8
+43.2
No swing calculation: UDUP hold

NORTH DOWN [648]

(Decision of James Alexander Kilfedder to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
64,27660.5
J.A. Kilfedder
J.W. Cushnahan
UPUP
APNI
30,793
8,066
22,727

79.2
20.8
58.4
+23.2
-1.3
No swing calculation: UPUP hold

SOUTH ANTRIM [649]

(Decision of Clifford Forsythe to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
61,23852.2
C. Forsythe
P. Barry
UU
FAIA
30,087
1,870
28,217

94.1
5.9
88.2
+48.5
No swing calculation: UU hold

SOUTH DOWN [650]

(Decision of Rt. Hon. John Enoch Powell to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
69,84373.8
Rt. Hon. J.E. Powell
E.K. McGrady
H.F. McDowell
S.D. Magee
UU
SDLP
SF
TWP
24,963
23,121
2,936
522
1,842



*
48.4
44.9
5.7
1.0
3.5
+8.1
+5.6
-2.2
-0.6
No swing calculation: UU hold

STRANGFORD [651]

(Decision of Rt. Hon. John David Taylor to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
62,85455.1
Rt. Hon. J.D. Taylor
P. Barry
UU
FAIA
32,627
1,993
30,634

94.2
5.8
88.4
+45.4
No swing calculation: UU hold

UPPER BANN [652]

(Decision of James Harold McCusker to seek re-election on 17th December 1985)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(23/1)
63,48457.2
J.H. McCusker
T. French
UU
TWP
29,311
6,978
22,333

80.8
19.2
61.4
+23.9
+13.8
No swing calculation: UU hold

HAMMERSMITH and FULHAM, FULHAM [36]

(Death of Martin Stevens on 10th January 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(10/4)
52,38070.8
W.R.N. Raynsford
M.H.M. Carrington
R.J. Liddle
Dowager Lady Birdwood
D.E. Sutch
J.D. Creighton
J.B.H. Black
Rev. G.A. Rolph
J.S. Swinden
Miss L. Duke
R.E.G. Simmerson
Lab
C
SDP
Ind
MRLP
Ind
Ind
FP
HP
Rainbow
Ind
16,451
12,948
6,953
226
134
127
98
39
38
37
33
3,503



*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
44.4
34.9
18.7
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
9.5
+10.3
-11.3
+0.5
Swing -10.80: Lab gain from C

Notes:-
1986:Birdwood advocated repatriation of coloured immigrants from Britain.

Creighton was the candidate of the 'Connoisseur Wine Party', which he had formed. He owned a wine shop in the constituency.

Black advocated that Northern Ireland should be able to elect its own government, instead of direct rule. He was a leading member of the British Irish Communist Organisation', a marxist and extreme unionist political group.

Duke advocated the abolition of Parliament.

Simmerson opposed British membership of the European Communities (Common Market).

DERBYSHIRE, WEST DERBYSHIRE [330]

(Resignation of Matthew Francis Parris on 15th April 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(8/5)
69,95671.9
P.A. McLoughlin
C.R. Walmsley
W. Moore
C.J. Sidwell
R. Goodall
C
L
Lab
Rainbow
Ind
19,896
19,796
9,952
348
289
100



*
*
39.5
39.4
19.8
0.7
0.6
0.1
-16.3
+12.3
+2.7
Swing -9.53: C hold

Notes:-
1986:Sidwell sought election as a 'Rainbow Alliance Loony Crocodile Tears' candidate.

NORTH YORKSHIRE, RYEDALE [506]

(Death of John David Spence on 4th March 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(8/5)
81,64767.3
Mrs. E.L. Shields
N.R. Balfour
Mrs. S. Haines
L
C
Lab
27,612
22,672
4,633
4,940

50.3
41.3
8.4
9.0
+19.8
-17.9
-1.9
Swing -8.00: L gain from C

NEWCASTLE-UNDER-LYME [200]

(Resignation of John Golding on 24th June 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(17/7)
66,35362.2
Mrs. L. Golding
A.L. Thomas
J.C.B. Nock
D.E. Sutch
J.A. Gaskell
J. Parker
D.D’A Brewster
Lab
L
C
MRLP
Rainbow
Ind
Rainbow
16,819
16,020
7,863
277
115
83
70
799



*
*
*
*
40.8
38.8
19.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.2
2.0
-1.2
+17.2
-17.4
Swing -8.08: Lab hold

Note:-
1986:Gaskell sought election as a 'Rainbow Alliance Prince Charles Appreciation' candidate, and Brewster as a 'Rainbow Alliance Bob Geldof Appreciation' candidate, in an attempt to find the relative appeal of the two men.

Parker advocated the holding of a referendum on the issue of producing power from nuclear power.

MERSEYSIDE, KNOWSLEY NORTH [429]

(Resignation of Robert Kilroy-Silk on 1st October 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1986
(13/11)
53,92157.3
G.E. Howarth
Miss R.E. Cooper
R.C.A. Brown
D.P. Hallsworth
G. Weiss
D. Cory
Lab
L
C
Rev CP
Rainbow
Ind
17,403
10,679
1,960
664
111
88
6,724



*
*
*
56.3
34.6
6.3
2.1
0.4
0.3
21.7
-8.2
+19.8
-13.7

GREENWICH, GREENWICH [32]

(Death of Noel Guy Barnett on 24th December 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1987
(26/2)
50,63768.2
Mrs. R.S. Barnes
Mrs. D.F.M. Wood
J.G.C. Antcliffe
G.J.E. Bell
M.G. Hardee
I.B. Dell
J.A. Pearce
Miss K. Marshall
SDP
Lab
C
GP
Rainbow
BNP
NF
Rev CP
18,287
11,676
3,852
264
124
116
103
91
6,611



*
*
*
*
*
53.0
33.8
11.2
0.8
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
19.2
+27.9
-4.4
-23.6


-0.4
Swing -9.60: SDP gain from Lab

CORNWALL, TRURO [318]

(Death of David Charles Penhaligon on 22nd December 1986)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1987
(12/3)
72,10570.3
M.O.J. Taylor
N.F. St. Aubyn
J.R. King
H.S. Hoptrough
Miss H.M. Anscomb
L
C
Lab
GP
Ind
30,599
15,982
3,603
403
75
14,617



*
*
60.4
31.5
7.1
0.8
0.2
28.9
+3.1
-6.6
+2.6
Swing -4.57: L hold

Notes:-
1987:Anscomb advocated that freight transport should be by rail instead of roads, because of the improvement in safety for road users that would result. The former MP, David Penhaligon, had been killed when his car collided with a freight lorry.

LEWISHAM, LEWISHAM DEPTFORD [59]

(Death of Rt. Hon. John Ernest Silkin on 26th April 1987)
Seat vacant at dissolution (Lab)

FIFE, KIRKCALDY [604]

(Death of Harry Phillip Heggie Gourlay on 20th April 1987)
Seat vacant at dissolution (Lab)