RESULTS OF BYELECTIONS IN THE 1987-92 PARLIAMENT

Explanatory Note: The results given are largely self-explanatory, but two points should be noted. Many of those candidates marked as Independents contested the byelections on a specific policy theme and not as an Independent candidate. Frequently candidates who are to all intents and purposes Independents start a nominal political party of which they are the only candidate. This is noted below the result.

With regard to the swing, this is the conventional (Conservative/Labour) swing counted using votes as a percentage of all votes. A positive swing is to the Conservatives, negative swings are to Labour.

An asterisk indicates a forfeited deposit (where a candidate fails to poll one-twentieth of the vote, ie 5%).










KENSINGTON and CHELSEA, KENSINGTON [53]

(Death of Sir Brandon Meredith Rhys Williams, Bt. on 18th May 1988)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1988
(14/7)
45,83051.6
J.D. Fishburn
Mrs. P.A. Holmes
W.H. Goodhart
J. Martin
P.A.D. Hobson
Mrs. C.D. Payne
D.E. Sutch
J. Duignan
B.G. Goodier
T.B.J. McDermott
R. Edey
W.P.C.V. Scola
J.E. Crowley
J. Connell
Dr. K.S. Trivedi
C
Lab
SLD
SDP
GP
Rainbow
MRLP
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind
Ind Soc
Ind
9,829
9,014
2,546
1,190
572
193
61
60
31
31
30
27
24
20
5
815




*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
41.6
38.2
10.8
5.0
2.4
0.8
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
3.4
-5.9
+5.0
-6.4

+0.7
Swing -5.40: C hold

Notes:-
1988:Payne had been prosecuted for living off immoral earnings several years before the election. She was the candidate of the 'Rainbow Alliance Payne and Pleasure Party', which she had formed.

Duignan supported the revolutionary organisation, 'Class War'.

Goodier described himself as an 'Anti Left-Wing Fascist'.

McDermott was the candidate of the 'Free Trade Liberal Party', which he had formed. The policy of the party was opposition to British membership of the EC (Common Market).

Edey advocated the redistribution of wealth to all individuals equally and the construction of more publically owned housing.

Scola was the candidate of the 'Leveller Party', which he had formed.

Crowley described himself as an 'Anti Yuppie Revolutionary Crowleyist, Vegetarian Visionary' candidate.

Connell contested the election on a theme of peace. He opposed manipulation of Independent Television News broadcasts.

Trivedi was the candidate of the 'Janata Party', which he had formed.

GLASGOW, GOVAN [577]

(Resignation of Rt. Hon. Bruce Millan on 18th October 1988)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1988
(10/11)
49,99459.2
J. Sillars
R.P. Gillespie
G.M. Hamilton
B. Ponsonby
G. Campbell
D. Chalmers
D.E. Sutch
F. Clark
SNP
Lab
C
SLD
GP
Com
MRLP
Rainbow
14,677
11,123
2,207
1,246
345
281
174
51
3,554



*
*
*
*
*
48.8
37.0
7.3
4.1
1.1
0.9
0.6
0.2
11.8
+38.4
-27.8
-4.6
-8.2

+0.3
Swing +11.66: SNP gain from Lab

ESSEX, EPPING FOREST [351]

(Death of Sir John Alec Biggs-Davison on 17th September 1988)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1988
(15/12)
67,99149.1
S.J. Norris
A.J. Thompson
Hon. S.W. Murray
M.G. Pettman
A.M. Simms
Mrs. T.D-R. Wingfield
D.E. Sutch
Miss J. Moore
B.G. Goodier
C
SLD
Lab
SDP
GP
Ind NF
MRLP
Rainbow
Ind
13,183
8,679
6,261
4,077
672
286
208
33
16
4,504




*
*
*
*
*
39.5
26.0
18.7
12.2
2.0
0.9
0.6
0.1
0.0
13.5
-21.4
+1.2
+0.3

+0.7
Swing -10.93: C hold

Note:-
1988:Goodier sought election as a 'Vote no Belsen for South Africans' candidate.

NORTH YORKSHIRE, RICHMOND (YORKSHIRE) [505]

(Resignation of Rt. Hon. Leon Brittan on 31st December 1988)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1989
(23/2)
81,56864.4
W.J. Hague
M. Potter
Mrs. B.A. Pearce
F.S. Robson
Dr. R. Upshall
D.E. Sutch
A. Millns
Miss L. St. Claire
N.J. Watkins
C
SDP
SLD
Lab
GP
MRLP
Ind
Cor P
L
19,543
16,909
11,589
2,591
1,473
167
113
106
70
2,634



*
*
*
*
*
*
37.2
32.2
22.1
4.9
2.8
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
5.0
-24.0

-4.9
-6.9
Swing -8.60: C hold

Note:-
1989:Millns opposed the sale of Theakstons Brewery, which he said should be British-owned.

MID GLAMORGAN, PONTYPRIDD [546]

(Death of Brynmor Thomas John on 13th December 1988)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1989
(23/2)
61,19362.9
K.S. Howells
S. Morgan
N.M. Evans
R.T. Ellis
D.A.T. Thomas
D. Richards
D.M. Black
Lab
PC
C
SLD
SDP
Com
Ind
20,549
9,755
5,212
1,500
1,199
239
57
10,794



*
*
*
*
53.4
25.3
13.5
3.9
3.1
0.6
0.2
28.1
-2.9
+20.0
-6.0
-15.0
Swing -1.51: Lab hold

SOUTH GLAMORGAN, VALE OF GLAMORGAN [548]

(Death of Sir Herbert Raymond Gower on 22nd February 1989)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1989
(4/5)
67,54970.7
J.W.P. Smith
R. Richards
F. Leavers
A.J. Dixon
D.K. Davies
Mrs. M.A. Wakefield
Dr. C. Tiarks
D.E. Sutch
E. Roberts
Miss L. St. Claire
D.M. Black
Lab
C
SLD
PC
SDP
GP
Ind
MRLP
Ind Soc
Cor P
Ind
23,342
17,314
2,017
1,672
1,098
971
847
266
148
39
32
6,028


*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
48.9
36.3
4.2
3.5
2.3
2.0
1.8
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
12.6
+14.2
-10.5
-12.5
+1.7
Swing -12.35: Lab gain from C

Notes:-
1989:Tiarks sought election as an 'Independent - Protect the Health Service' candidate.

Roberts described himself as a 'Welsh Independent Socialist and Ecologist'.

Black sought election as a 'Christian Alliance' candidate. He opposed British membership of the EC (Common Market).

LAMBETH, VAUXHALL [58]

(Resignation of Stuart Kingsley Holland on 27th April 1989)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1989
(15/6)
64,90544.4
Miss C.L. Hoey
M.G. Keegan
M.W. Tuffrey
H. Bewley
Rev. H. Andrew
D. Allen
R.R. Narayan
D. Milligan
P. Harrington
D.E. Sutch
D.M. Black
E. Budden
Rev. G.A. Rolph
W.P.C.V. Scola
Lab
C
SLD
GP
Ind
Ind GP
Ind
Rev CP
Ind NF
MRLP
Ind
NF
FP
Ind
15,191
5,425
5,043
1,767
302
264
179
177
127
106
86
83
24
21
9,766




*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
52.8
18.8
17.5
6.1
1.1
0.9
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.1
34.0
+2.6
-10.2
-0.7
+4.3
Swing -6.37: Lab hold

Notes:-
1989:Andrew had been selected at a public meeting in the constituency on May 31st 1989 in order to contest the election on behalf of the black population of the constituency, in protest at the decision by the Labour Party to overrule the selection of a black candidate. He sought election as 'The People's Candidate'.

Allen was sponsored by a religious cult movement who advocated ecological policies. He sought election as a candidate of 'The Greens'.

Black described himself as a 'Christian Alliance' candidate.

Scola was the candidate of the 'Leveller Party', which he had formed.

GLASGOW, CENTRAL [575]

(Death of Robert McTaggart on 23rd March 1989)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1989
(15/6)
50,25452.8
M.G. Watson
A. Neil
A. Hogarth
Mrs. I.F. Brandt
R.A. McCreadie
P. Kerr
Miss L. Murdoch
B. Kidd
D. Lettice
Lab
SNP
C
GP
SLD
SDP
Rev CP
Ind Soc
WRP
14,480
8,018
2,028
1,019
411
253
141
137
48
6,462



*
*
*
*
*
*
54.6
30.2
7.6
3.8
1.6
1.0
0.5
0.5
0.2
24.4
-9.9
+20.2
-5.4
+2.9
-9.0
Swing +2.26: Lab hold

Note:-
1989:Kidd was the candidate of the 'Scottish Socialist Party'. He opposed in particular the government's Community Charge (Poll Tax) legislation.

STAFFORDSHIRE, MID STAFFORDSHIRE [469]

(Suicide of Bentley John Heddle on 19th December 1989)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(22/3)
72,72877.5
Mrs. S.L. Heal
Hon. C.C.L. Prior
T.A. Jones
I.W. Wood
R.T.C. Saunders
J.G. Bazeley
L.D. Sutch
C.J.G. Hill
C.A. Abell
N. Parker-Jervis
S.B.F. Hughes
Miss L.St.C. Love
B.R.A. Mildwater
D.M. Black
Lab
C
L Dem
SDP
GP
Ind C
MRLP
NF
NHSSP
Ind C
RLGGP
Ind
Ind
Ind
27,649
18,200
6,315
1,422
1,215
547
336
311
102
71
59
51
42
39
9,449



*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
49.1
32.3
11.2
2.5
2.1
1.0
0.6
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
16.8
+24.4
-18.3
-12.0
Swing -21.33: Lab gain from C

Notes:-
1990:Bazeley sought election as an 'Anti-Thatcher Conservative' candidate.

Parker-Jervis advocated increased restrictions on immigration. He also supported environmental issues.

Love had changed her name from Lindi St. Claire in order to contest the election. She sought election as a 'National Independent Correct Edification (NICE)' candidate.

Mildwater opposed the decision by Citroën to cease manufacturing the 2CV car. He sought election as a 'Save the 2CV' candidate.

Black sought election as a 'Christian Patriotic Alliance / Save Britain Campaign' candidate.

UPPER BANN [652]

(Death of James Harold McCusker on 11th February 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(17/5)
66,37753.4
W.D. Trimble
Mrs. B. Rodgers
Mrs. S.T. Campbell
Rev. H. Ross
T. French
Mrs. C. Jones
Dr. W.W. Ramsay
G.J. McMichael
P.F. Doran
J.E. Holmes
A. Dunn
UU
SDLP
SF
Ind
TWP
C
APNI
UDP
NIGP
Ind Lab
SDP
20,547
6,698
2,033
1,534
1,083
1,038
948
600
576
235
154
13,949



*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
58.0
18.9
5.7
4.3
3.1
3.0
2.7
1.7
1.6
0.6
0.4
39.1
-3.5
-1.6
-1.7

-1.6

-3.2
No swing calculation: UU hold

Notes:-
1990:Ross advocated that the six counties of Ulster that make up Northern Ireland should be an independent state.

Holmes opposed the decision of the Labour Party in London not to organise in Northern Ireland.

BOOTLE [112]

(Death of Allan Roberts on 21st February 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(24/5)
70,17850.6
M. Carr
W.J. Clappison
J.J. Cunningham
F.P.S. Brady
K.J. White
L.D. Sutch
J. Holmes
T.J. Schofield
Lab
C
L Dem
GP
L
MRLP
SDP
Ind
26,737
3,220
3,179
1,267
474
418
155
27
23,517



*
*
*
*
*
75.4
9.1
8.9
3.6
1.3
1.2
0.4
0.1
66.3
+8.5
-11.0
-4.0
Swing -9.74: Lab hold

MERSEYSIDE, KNOWSLEY SOUTH [430]

(Death of Sean Francis Hughes on 25th June 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(27/9)
63,43333.4
E. O’Hara
L.T. Byrom
Mrs. C.V. Hancox
R.L. Georgeson
I. Smith
L.D. Sutch
Miss L.C.L.L-R. Whiplash
Lab
C
L Dem
GP
L
MRLP
Cor P
14,581
3,214
1,809
656
628
197
99
11,367



*
*
*
*
68.8
15.2
8.5
3.1
3.0
0.9
0.5
53.6
+4.3
-6.4
-5.4
Swing -5.41: Lab hold

EASTBOURNE [149]

(Murder of Ian Reginald Edward Gow on 30th July 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(18/10)
75,90460.7
D.F. Bellotti
R.S. Hickmet
Mrs. C.J.S. Atkins
D. Aherne
Mrs. M-T. Williamson
Miss L.C.L.L-R. Whiplash
J.C. McAuley
E.G. Page
L Dem
C
Lab
GP
L
Cor P
NF
Ind
23,415
18,865
2,308
553
526
216
154
35
4,550



*
*
*
*
*
50.8
41.0
5.0
1.2
1.1
0.5
0.3
0.1
9.8
+21.1
-19.0
-3.8
Swing -7.60: L Dem gain from C

Note:-
1990:Page was the candidate of the 'Ironside Party', which he had formed.

BOOTLE [112]

(Death of Michael Carr on 20th July 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(8/11)
70,88139.7
J.E. Benton
W.J. Clappison
J.J. Cunningham
F.P.S. Brady
L.D. Sutch
K.J. White
D.M. Black
Lab
C
L Dem
GP
MRLP
L
Ind
22,052
2,587
2,216
557
310
291
132
19,465



*
*
*
*
78.3
9.2
7.9
2.0
1.1
1.0
0.5
69.1
+11.5
-10.9
-5.1
Swing -11.18: Lab hold

Note:-
1990:Black sought election as a 'Christian Alliance' candidate.

BRADFORD, NORTH [115]

(Death of Charles Patrick Wall on 6th August 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(8/11)
67,44453.4
T.H. Rooney
D. Ward
Mrs. M.E.J. Atkin
D.M. Pidcock
M.L. Knott
R.I. Tenney
J. Floyd
W. Beckett
N.A.B. Nowosielski
M. Wigglesworth
Lab
L Dem
C
IPB
GP
NF
Ind
MRLP
L
Ind C
18,619
9,105
6,048
800
447
305
219
210
187
89
9,514



*
*
*
*
*
*
*
51.7
25.3
16.8
2.2
1.2
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.3
26.4
+8.9
+7.6
-22.7
Swing -15.78: Lab hold

Note:-
1990:Floyd sought election as a 'Christian Alliance' candidate.

PAISLEY, NORTH [591]

(Death of Allender Steele Adams on 5th September 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(29/11)
48,06353.7
Mrs. K. Adams
W.A.R. Mullin
E. Marwick
J. Bannerman
D.G. Mellor
Lab
SNP
C
L Dem
GP
11,353
7,583
3,835
2,139
918
3,770




*
44.0
29.4
14.8
8.3
3.5
14.6
-11.5
+16.5
-1.0
-7.5
Swing +5.29: Lab hold

PAISLEY, SOUTH [592]

(Death of Norman Findlay Buchan on 23rd October 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1990
(29/11)
49,19955.0
G.J. McMaster
I.M. Lawson
J.C. Workman
A. Reid
Mrs. E.R. Collie
Lab/Co-op
SNP
C
L Dem
GP
12,485
7,455
3,627
2,660
835
5,030




*
46.1
27.6
13.4
9.8
3.1
18.5
-10.1
+13.5
-1.3
-5.3
Swing +4.38: Lab hold

LANCASHIRE, RIBBLE VALLEY [414]

(Elevation of Rt. Hon. David Charles Waddington to a Life Peerage [Lord Waddington] on 29th November 1990)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(7/3)
64,87871.2
M. Carr
N.M. Evans
Mrs. J. Farrington
D.A. Brass
Mrs. H.G. Ingham
L.D. Sutch
S.C. Taylor
Miss L. St. Claire
S.B.F. Hughes
L Dem
C
Lab
Ind C
GP
MRLP
L
Cor P
RLGGP
22,377
17,776
4,356
611
466
278
133
72
60
4,601



*
*
*
*
*
*
48.5
38.5
9.5
1.3
1.0
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
10.0
+27.1
-22.4
-8.3
Swing -7.01: L Dem gain from C

Note:-
1991:Brass was a member of the local Conservative Association who was opposed to Evans being the official Conservative candidate on the grounds that the candidate should have a local background.

WEST GLAMORGAN, NEATH [551]

(Death of Donald Richard Coleman on 14th January 1991)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(4/4)
54,48263.7
P.G. Hain
Dr. D.R. Evans
R.G. Evans
D.G.B. Lloyd
J. Warman
R.V.W. Jeffries
L.D. Sutch
B. Kirk
Lab
PC
C
L Dem
SD
Ind Lab
MRLP
Ind
17,962
8,132
2,995
2,000
1,826
1,253
263
262
9,830





*
*
*
51.8
23.4
8.6
5.8
5.3
3.6
0.8
0.7
28.4
-11.6
+17.0
-7.5
-8.3
Swing +2.04: Lab hold

Note:-
1991:Jeffries sought election as a 'Local Independent Labour' candidate. The official Labour candidate had been born in South Africa and fought previous elections in Putney, London.

Kirk sought election as 'Captain Beany of the Bean Party'. He was raising money for charity.

GWENT, MONMOUTH [554]

(Death of Sir John Stradling Thomas on 29th March 1991)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(16/5)
59,46075.8
H.W.E. Edwards
R.K. Evans
Mrs. F.A. David
L.D. Sutch
M.J. Witherden
P.R. Carpenter
Miss L.St-C. Whiplash
Lab
C
L Dem
MRLP
PC/GP
Ind
Cor P
17,733
15,327
11,164
314
277
164
121
2,406



*
*
*
*
39.3
34.0
24.8
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.3
5.3
+11.6
-13.5
+0.8

-0.2
Swing -12.59: Lab gain from C

Note:-
1991:Carpenter advocated that the tax and benefit system be simplified by the creation of a single, all-inclusive tax.

LIVERPOOL, WALTON [189]

(Death of Eric Samuel Heffer on 27th May 1991)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(4/7)
70,80356.7
P. Kilfoyle
P.R. Clark
Mrs. L.E. Mahmood
B.J.R. Greenwood
L.D. Sutch
E.G. Lee-Delisle
Lab
L Dem
Ind Lab
C
MRLP
Ind
21,317
14,457
2,613
1,155
546
63
6,860



*
*
*
53.1
36.0
6.5
2.9
1.4
0.1
17.1
-11.3
+14.8

-11.5
Swing -0.09: Lab hold

Note:-
1991:Mahmood had unsuccessfully opposed Kilfoyle for the official Labour nomination when Eric Heffer, the previous member, announced his intention to retire at the next general election. When the by-election was caused by Heffer's death, she sought election as a 'Walton Real Labour' candidate, with backing from a number of local trade unions. She was a member of Liverpool City Council, and in the council she was a member of the 'Broad Left', a group of expelled Labour councillors who opposed the Labour leadership and advocated a more left-wing policy.

Lee-Delisle advocated a system of Proportional Representation for elections to the House of Commons. He sought election as a candidate of the 'George Lee-Delisle Party' which he had formed.

CLEVELAND, LANGBAURGH [313]

(Death of James Richard Holt on 20th September 1991)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(7/11)
80,22065.3
A. Kumar
M.W. Bates
P.J. Allen
G.F. Parr
R.C. Holt
Miss L. St. Claire
N. Downing
Lab
C
L Dem
GP
Ind
Cor P
Ind
22,442
20,467
8,421
456
216
198
163
1,975



*
*
*
*
42.8
39.1
16.1
0.9
0.4
0.4
0.3
3.7
+4.5
-2.6
-3.8
Swing -3.56: Lab gain from C

Note:-
1991:Holt advocated that the County Boundaries set up in 1974 be altered to include the Langbaurgh constituency in Yorkshire. He sought election as a candidate of the 'Yorkshire Party'.

Downing sought election as a 'Football Supporter's' candidate.

WEST YORKSHIRE, HEMSWORTH [521]

(Death of George James Buckley on 14th September 1991)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(7/11)
56,42742.6
D.A. Enright
Mrs. V. Megson
G. Harrison
P.A. Ablett
T.J. Smith
Lab
L Dem
C
Ind Lab
Cor P
15,895
4,808
2,512
648
108
11,087



*
*
66.3
20.1
10.5
2.7
0.4
46.2
-0.7
+4.3
-6.7
Swing -3.03: Lab hold

GRAMPIAN, KINCARDINE and DEESIDE [608]

(Death of Rt. Hon. Alick Laidlaw Buchanan Smith on 29th August 1991)
ElectionElectorsT'out
CandidatePartyVotes
%Ch.%
1991
(7/11)
65,66764.6
N.R. Stephen
J.M.M. Humphrey
W.J.A. Macartney
M.K. Savidge
S.J. Campbell
L Dem
C
SNP
Lab
GP
20,779
12,955
4,705
3,271
683
7,824




*
49.0
30.6
11.1
7.7
1.6
18.4
+12.7
-10.1
+4.6
-8.2
Swing -0.93: L Dem gain from C