LEADERS OF THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY 4th October 1809 Spencer Perceval b. 1st November 1762, d. 11th May 1812 8th June 1812 Earl of Liverpool b. 7th June 1770, d. 4th December 1828 12th April 1827 George Canning b. 11th April 1770, d. 8th August 1827 31st August 1827 Viscount Goderich b. 30th October 1782, d. 28th January 1859 22nd January 1828 Duke of Wellington b. 1st May 1769, d. 14th September 1852 10th December 1834 Sir Robert Peel b. 5th February 1788, d. 2nd July 1850 27th June 1846 Earl of Derby b. 29th March 1799, d. 23rd October 1869 27th February 1868 Benjamin Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield) b. 21st December 1804, d. 19th April 1881 9th May 1881 Marquess of Salisbury b. 3rd February 1830, d. 22nd August 1903 12th July 1902 Arthur James Balfour b. 25th July 1848, d. 19th March 1930 13th November 1911 Andrew Bonar Law b. 15th September 1858, d. 30th October 1923 21st March 1921 Austen Chamberlain b. 16th October 1863, d. 16th March 1937 23rd October 1922 Andrew Bonar Law (see above) 28th May 1923 Stanley Baldwin b. 3rd August 1867, d. 14th December 1947 31st May 1937 Arthur Neville Chamberlain b. 18th March 1869, d. 9th November 1940 9th October 1940 Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill b. 30th November 1874, d. 24th January 1965 21st April 1955 Sir Robert Anthony Eden b. 12th June 1897, d. 14th January 1977 22nd January 1957 Maurice Harold Macmillan b. 10th February 1894, d. 29th December 1986 12th November 1963 Sir Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home KT b. 2nd July 1903, d. 9th October 1995 2nd August 1965 Edward Richard George Heath b. 9th July 1916, d. 17th July 2005 11th February 1975 Margaret Hilda Thatcher b. 13th October 1925 28th November 1990 John Major b. 29th March 1943 19th June 1997 William Jefferson Hague b. 26th March 1961 13th September 2001 George Iain Duncan Smith b. 9th April 1954 6th November 2003 Michael Howard b. 7th July 1941 6th December 2005 David William Donald Cameron b. 9th October 1966 Elections for Conservative Party Leader: 1965 (Resignation of Douglas-Home): 1st Ballot 28th July 1965 Edward Heath 150 Reginald Maudling 133 Enoch Powell 15 (Maudling withdrew and endorsed Heath, who was then declared elected nem. con.) 1975 (Thatcher challenge to Heath): 1st Ballot 4th February 1975 Margaret Thatcher 130 Edward Heath 119 Hugh Fraser 16 2nd Ballot 11th February 1975 Margaret Thatcher 146 William Whitelaw 79 Sir Geoffrey Howe 19 James Prior 19 John Peyton 11 1989 (Meyer challenge to Thatcher): 1st Ballot 5th December 1989 Margaret Thatcher 314 Sir Anthony Meyer 33 1990 (Heseltine challenge to Thatcher): 1st Ballot 20th November 1990 Margaret Thatcher 204 Michael Heseltine 152 2nd Ballot 27th November 1990 John Major 185 Michael Heseltine 131 Douglas Hurd 56 (Heseltine and Hurd withdrew and endorsed Major, who was thereupon declared elected without a further ballot) 1995 (Major seeks re-election): 1st Ballot 4th July 1995 John Major 218 John Redwood 89 1997 (Resignation of Major): 1st Ballot 10th June 1997 Kenneth Clarke 49 William Hague 41 John Redwood 27 Peter Lilley 24 Michael Howard 23 2nd Ballot 17th June 1997 Kenneth Clarke 64 William Hague 62 John Redwood 38 3rd Ballot 19th June 1997 William Hague 92 Kenneth Clarke 70 2001 (Resignation of Hague) 1st Ballot 10th July 2001 Michael Portillo 49 Iain Duncan Smith 39 Kenneth Clarke 36 Michael Ancram 21 David Davis 21 (As there was a tie for last place, the Executive of the 1922 Committee decided to hold a reballot) 1st Ballot 12th July 2001 Michael Portillo 50 Iain Duncan Smith 42 Kenneth Clarke 39 David Davis 18 Michael Ancram 17 (Ancram eliminated; Davis withdrew on 13th July) 2nd Ballot 17th July 2001 Kenneth Clarke 59 Iain Duncan Smith 54 Michael Portillo 53 Membership Ballot 13th September 2001 Iain Duncan Smith 155,933 Kenneth Clarke 100,864 2003 (Motion of confidence in Duncan Smith defeated by 75 to 90) Michael Howard unopposed 2005 (Resignation of Howard) 1st Ballot 18th October 2005 David Davis 62 David Cameron 56 Liam Fox 42 Kenneth Clarke 38 2nd Ballot 20th October 2005 David Cameron 90 David Davis 57 Liam Fox 51 Membership Ballot 6th December 2005 David Cameron 134,446 David Davis 64,398 Note on Conservative Party leadership elections: 1) Prior to 1965, there were no formal elections for the Leader of the Conservative Party. The process of choosing a leader involved a series of consultations with leading members of the party, which would eventually produce a candidate with whom the party was satisfied. 2) From 1965 until 1998, the leader was elected in a ballot of all Conservative MPs, organised through the '1922 Committee'. In the first round, a candidate had to obtain a majority of votes cast and a lead of 15% of the total vote over their nearest rival. If no candidate obtained such a majority a second ballot was held (at which new candidates could stand), at which a candidate merely had to obtain a majority of votes cast. If this failed to produce a winner, a third ballot was held between the two candidates who had obtained the most votes in the second ballot. 3) From 1998, the system of election has been changed to allow grassroots members of the party to elect the leader from alternatives selected by Conservative MPs. If there are more than two candidates who seek the leadership, then the '1922 Committee' holds an eliminating ballot until only two are left (with new candidates not permitted to enter the race after the first ballot). When the two names are known, a postal ballot of individual members of Conservative Associations is held, and the candidate with the most votes is declared elected. An incumbent Leader may be challenged if 15% of the Parliamentary Party send in a letter expressing no confidence; if this happens, a vote of confidence is held in the current Leader. A Leader who wins the vote of confidence is immune from challenge for the next year.