LEADERS OF THE LABOUR PARTY 17th February 1906 James Keir Hardie b. 15th August 1856, d. 26th September 1915 22nd January 1908 Arthur Henderson b. 13th September 1863, d. 20th October 1935 14th February 1910 George Nicoll Barnes b. 2nd January 1859, d. 21st April 1940 6th February 1911 James Ramsay Macdonald b. 12th October 1866, d. 9th November 1937 5th August 1914 Arthur Henderson (see above) 24th October 1917 William Adamson b. 2nd April 1863, d. 23rd February 1936 14th February 1921 John Robert Clynes b. 27th March 1869, d. 23rd October 1949 21st November 1922 James Ramsay Macdonald (see above) 1st September 1931 Arthur Henderson (see above) 25th October 1932 George Lansbury b. 21st February 1859, d. 7th May 1940 8th October 1935 Clement Richard Attlee b. 3rd January 1883, d. 8th October 1967 14th December 1955 Hugh Todd Naylor Gaitskell b. 9th April 1906, d. 18th January 1963 14th February 1963 James Harold Wilson b. 11th March 1916, d. 24th May 1995 5th April 1976 Leonard James Callaghan b. 27th March 1912 3rd November 1980 Michael Mackintosh Foot b. 23rd July 1913 2nd October 1983 Neil Gordon Kinnock b. 28th March 1942 18th July 1992 John Smith b. 13th September 1938, d. 12th May 1994 21st July 1994 Anthony Charles Lynton Blair b. 6th May 1953 Elections for Labour Party Leader: 1922 (Creation of the post of Chairman and Leader of the Parliamentary Labour Party): 1st Ballot 21st November 1922 Ramsay Macdonald 61 J.R. Clynes 56 1935 (Morrison and Greenwood challenge to Attlee): 1st Ballot 26th November 1935 Clement Attlee 58 Herbert Morrison 44 Arthur Greenwood 33 2nd Ballot 3rd December 1935 Clement Attlee 88 Herbert Morrison 48 1955 (Resignation of Attlee) 1st Ballot 14th December 1955 Hugh Gaitskell 157 Aneurin Bevan 70 1960 (Wilson challenge to Gaitskell) 1st Ballot 3rd November 1960 Hugh Gaitskell 166 Harold Wilson 81 1961 (Greenwood challenge to Gaitskell) 1st Ballot 2nd November 1961) Hugh Gaitskell 171 Anthony Greenwood 59 1963 (Death of Gaitskell) 1st Ballot 7th February 1963 Harold Wilson 115 George Brown 88 James Callaghan 41 2nd Ballot 14th February 1963 Harold Wilson 144 George Brown 103 1976 (Resignation of Wilson) 1st Ballot 25th March 1976 Michael Foot 90 James Callaghan 84 Roy Jenkins 56 Tony Benn 37 Denis Healey 30 Anthony Crosland 17 2nd Ballot 30th March 1976 James Callaghan 141 Michael Foot 133 Denis Healey 38 3rd Ballot 5th April 1976 James Callaghan 176 Michael Foot 137 1980 (Resignation of James Callghan) 1st Ballot 4th November 1980 Denis Healey 112 Michael Foot 83 John Silkin 38 Peter Shore 32 2nd Ballot 10th November 1980 Michael Foot 139 Denis Healey 129 1983 (Resignation of Foot) Ballot 2nd October 1983 Affiliated Constituencies PLP Total Neil Kinnock 29.042 27.452 14.778 71.272 Roy Hattersley 10.878 0.577 7.833 19.288 Eric Heffer 0.046 1.971 4.286 6.303 Peter Shore 0.033 0 3.103 3.137 1988 (Benn challenge to Kinnock) Ballot 2nd October 1988 Affiliated Constituencies PLP Total Neil Kinnock 39.660 24.128 24.842 88.630 Tony Benn 0.340 5.872 5.158 11.370 1992 (Resignation of Kinnock) Ballot 18th July 1992 Affiliated Constituencies PLP Total John Smith 38.518 29.311 23.187 91.016 Bryan Gould 1.482 0.689 6.813 8.984 1994 (Death of Smith) Ballot 21st July 1994 Affiliated Constituencies PLP Total Tony Blair 52.3 58.2 60.5 57.0 John Prescott 28.4 24.4 19.6 24.1 Margaret Beckett 19.3 17.4 19.9 18.9 Note on Labour Leadership elections: 1) Before the Labour Party took its present name, it existed in the form of the Labour Representation Committee. That body had an elected Chairman who may be considered as the Leader. This post was held by: 1900-01 Frederick Rogers 1901-02 Allen Gee 1902-03 Richard Bell MP 1903-04 John Hodge 1904-05 David Shackleton MP 1905-06 Arthur Henderson MP 2) The official title of the leader of the Labour Party was: 1906-22 Chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Party 1922-70 Chairman and Leader of the Parliamentary Labour Party 1970-78 Leader of the Parliamentary Labour Party 1978- Leader of the Labour Party 3) On two occasions the death of the Leader of the Labour Party has led to a Deputy Leader becoming Leader pending the election of a successor. The Leader from 18th January 1963 to 14th February 1963 was George Alfred Brown (b. 2nd September 1914, d. 2nd June 1985). The Leader from 12th May 1994 to 21st July 1994 was Margaret Mary Beckett (b. 15th January 1943). Mrs Beckett was the first woman to be the Leader of the Labour Party. 4) From 1906 until 1981 the Leader was elected by Labour Members of the House of Commons. A candidate had to obtain an overall majority of the votes cast, and if no candidate did, then the candidate with the fewest votes was eliminated and a second ballot was held. This process was continued until one candidate had obtained a majority. 5) From 1981 until 1993, the Leader was elected by an electoral college containing three elements. Affiliated Organisations (mostly Trade 40% of the vote Unions, also Socialist Societies) Parliamentary Labour Party 30% of the vote Constituency Labour Parties 30% of the vote Each affiliated organisation was responsible for deciding how to cast its vote - some decided to ballot their members, some let their National Executive decide which candidate to support. The whole of the organisation's vote was then cast for their chosen candidate. Votes were cast at a conference called by the Labour Party. In the results given above, the figures represent the percentage of the total vote scored in each section. 6) From 1993, the Leader has been elected by an electoral college comprising the three elements mentioned above but in equal proportions (ie each has one third of the vote). The method of balloting has been changed so that individual members of the Labour Party and those members of affiliated organisations who are eligible to vote are given individual ballot papers which are counted nationally. In the results given above, the figures represent the percentage of the vote in the element of the electoral college stated.