LEADERS OF THE LIBERAL PARTY (IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS) 10th December 1834 Lord John Russell b. 18th August 1792, d. 28th May 1878 6th February 1855 Viscount Palmerston (Henry John Temple) b. 20th October 1784, d. 18th October 1865 29th October 1865 William Ewart Gladstone b. 29th December 1809, d. 19th May 1898 5th February 1875 Marquess of Hartington (Spencer Compton Cavendish) b. 23rd July 1833, d. 24th March 1908 23rd April 1880 William Ewart Gladstone (see above) 5th March 1894 Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt b. 14th October 1827, d. 1st October 1904 6th February 1899 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman b. 7th September 1836, d. 22nd April 1908 30th April 1908 Herbert Henry Asquith (Earl of Oxford and Asquith) b. 12th September 1852, d. 15th February 1928 14th October 1926 David Lloyd George b. 17th January 1863, d. 26th March 1945 4th November 1931 Sir Herbert Louis Samuel b. 6th November 1870, d. 5th February 1963 26th November 1935 Sir Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair, Bt. b. 22nd October 1890, d. 15th June 1970 2nd August 1945 Edward Clement Davies b. 19th February 1884, d. 23th March 1962 5th November 1956 Joseph Grimond b. 29th July 1913, d. 24th October 1993 18th January 1967 John Jeremy Thorpe b. 29th April 1929 12th May 1976 Joseph Grimond (Acting Leader) (see above) 7th July 1976 David Martin Scott Steel b. 31st March 1938 28th July 1988 Jeremy John Durham Ashdown b. 27th February 1941 9th August 1999 Charles Peter Kennedy b. 25th November 1959 2nd March 2006 Walter Menzies Campbell b. 22nd May 1941 Elections for Leader of the Liberal Party Ballot 18th January 1967 Jeremy Thorpe 6 Emlyn Hooson 3 Eric Lubbock 3 (Hooson and Lubbock both withdrew and endorsed Thorpe, who was thereupon declared elected unopposed) Ballot 7th July 1976 David Steel 12,541 John Pardoe 7,032 Ballot 28th July 1988 1st count Paddy Ashdown 41,401 Alan Beith 16,202 Ballot 9th August 1999 1st Rendel 2nd Ballard 3rd Bruce 4th count elim count elim count elim count Charles Kennedy 22,724 + 895 23,619 + 1,545 25,164 + 3,261 28,425 Simon Hughes 16,233 + 1,145 17,378 + 1,982 19,360 + 2,473 21,833 Malcolm Bruce 4,643 + 598 5,241 + 827 6,068 - 6,068 - Jackie Ballard 3,978 + 627 4,605 - 4,605 - - David Rendel 3,428 - 3,428 - - - (Not Transferrable + 163 163 + 251 414 + 334 748) Ballot 2nd March 2006 1st Hughes 2nd count elim count Menzies Campbell 23,264 + 6,433 29,697 Chris Huhne 16,691 + 4,937 21,628 Simon Hughes 12,081 -12,081 - (Not Transferrable + 711 711 Notes: 1) The table lists the Leaders of the Liberal Party in the House of Commons. On occasion the clear Leader of the Liberal Party was the Leader in the House of Lords, and in the 19th century it was common for the Leaders in the two Houses to be regarded as joint leaders of the party and the Monarch may have sent for either to form a government. Liberal Leaders in the House of Lords in this period were as follows: 29th December 1852 Earl Granville (Granville George Leveson-Gower) b. 11th May 1815, d. 31st March 1891 29th October 1865 Earl Russell (John Russell) b. 18th August 1792, d. 28th May 1878 3rd December 1868 Earl Granville (see above) 1st April 1891 Earl of Kimberley b. 7th January 1826, d. 1902 5th March 1894 Earl of Rosebery (Archibald Philip Primrose) b. 7th May 1847, d. 21st May 1929 8th October 1896 Earl of Kimberley (see above) 1) On 17th September 1987 the Liberal Party conference voted to merge the party with the Social Democratic Party, a decision endorsed by the party's membership in a postal ballot whose results were announced on 24th January 1988. The merged party was launched on 19th March 1988. A minority of members of the Liberal Party disagreed with this decision and have continued to organise as the Liberal Party. The table above treats the Social and Liberal Democrats (later the Liberal Democrats) as the successor party. 2) Until 1969, Leaders of the Liberal Party in the House of Commons were nominally elected at the beginning of each session of Parliament by vote of all Liberal MPs. However, elections were normally unopposed. 3) From 1969 until 1988, the Leader was elected by an electoral college representing all constituency associations. 4) From 1988 the Leader has been elected in a postal ballot of all individual members of the party, using the alternative vote system. 5) The Social Democratic Party was formed on 26th March 1981, and voted on 2nd March 1988 to merge with the Liberal Party. Leaders of the Social Democratic Party were: 2nd July 1982 Roy Harris Jenkins b. 11th November 1920 13th June 1983 Dr David Anthony Llewellyn Owen b. 2nd July 1938 29th August 1987 Robert Adam Ross Maclennan b. 26th June 1936 Elections for Leader of the Social Democratic Party Ballot 2nd July 1982 Roy Jenkins 26,256 Dr David Owen 20,864 A minority of members disagreed with the decision to merge with the Liberal Party and relaunched the Social Democratic Party on 8th March 1988 with Dr David Owen as Leader. This party was disbanded in July 1990.